Acute Appendicitis

  • Acute inflammation of the vermiform appendix.
  • Typically presents as acute abdominal pain starting in the mid-abdomen and later localising to the right lower quadrant.
  • Associated with fever, anorexia, nausea, vomiting, and elevation of the neutrophil count.
  • Diagnosis is usually made clinically. If investigation is required, CT scan and ultrasonography may show dilatation of the appendix outer diameter to more than 6 mm.
  • Definitive treatment is surgical appendectomy.