part of speech
|not normal for the human body
|This amount of weight loss is abnormal for women your age.
|pain that won’t go away
|I can’t sleep because my knees ache in the night.
|quick to become severe/bad
|We knew the baby was coming right away because the woman’s labour pains were acute.
|a body’s abnormal reaction to certain foods or environmental substances
|Your son is allergic to peanuts.
|emergency vehicle that rushes people to a hospital
|We called the ambulance when Jill stopped breathing.
|a condition that causes people to lose their memory
|I can’t remember the accident because I had amnesia.
|permanent removal of a limb
|We had to amputate his leg because the infection spread so quickly.
|occurs when the body doesn’t have enough red blood cells
|I have low energy because I am anaemic.
|medication that kills bacteria and cures infections
|My throat infection went away after I started taking antibiotics.
|medication that helps relieve anxiety and sadness
|The anti-depressants helped me get on with life after Peter died.
|a scheduled meeting with a medical professional
|I’ve made you an appointment with a specialist in three week’s time.
|a disease that causes the joints to become painful and swollen
|My grandmother can’t knit anymore because the arthritis in her hands is so bad.
|a condition that causes a blockage of the airway and makes it difficult for a person to breathe
|I carry an inhaler when I run because I have asthma.
|a disease-causing organism
|To prevent the spread of bacteria it is important that nurses often wash their hands.
|wounds that develop on a patient’s body from lying in one place (e.g. bed for too long
|If you don’t get up and take a walk, you will develop painful bedsores.
|not harmful (not cancerous)
|We’re hoping that the tests will show that the lump in your breast is benign.
|removal of human tissue in order to conduct certain medical tests
|The biopsy ruled out a number of illnesses.
|the amount of red and white blood cells a person has
|You will be happy to know that your blood count is almost back to normal.
|a person who gives blood to a blood bank or other person
|Blood donors have to answer questions about their medical history.
|the rate at which blood flows through the body
|High blood pressure puts you at risk of having a heart attack.
|a device that holds injured body parts in place
|You will probably always have to wear a brace on your ankle when you go running.
|position of an unborn baby in which the feet are down and the head is up
|We thought it was going to be a breech birth, but the baby turned himself around.
|a bone that is divided in two or more pieces as a result of an injury
|We thought it was just a sprain, but it turned out his leg was broken.
|injured body tissue that is visible underneath the skin
|The woman was badly bruised when she came into the emergency room.
|procedure that involves removing a baby from its mother through an incision in the woman’s abdomen
|The baby was so large that we had to perform a Caesarean section.
|disease caused by the uncontrollable growth of cells
|There are many different options when it comes to treating cancer.
|cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)
|restoring a person’s breath and circulation
|You saved your sister’s life by performing CPR.
|a hard bandage that is wrapped around a broken bone to keep it in place
|My leg was in a cast for four weeks.
|type of treatment used on cancer patients
|My mother has already had three rounds of chemotherapy.
|a virus commonly contracted by children, characterized by itchy spots all over the body
|It is best to get chickenpox as a child so that you don’t get it worse as an adult.
|a person who determines the cause of death after a person dies
|We only call the coroner if we think a death is suspicious.
|requiring immediate and constant medical attention
|You can’t see her right now, she’s in critical condition.
|objects that people with injured legs or feet use to help them walk
|I’d rather hop on one foot than use crutches.
|a sac in the body-tissue filled with fluid
|We’re going to remove the cysts just to be on the safe side.
|unable to hear
|The accident left the patient both deaf and blind.
|a lack of something necessary for one’s health
|The tests show that you have an iron deficiency.
|in need of water
|It is easy for the elderly to become dehydrated in this heat.
|loss of mental capacity
|It is hard to watch a loved one suffering with dementia.
|type of disease typically involving insulin deficiency
|People with diabetes have to constantly check their blood sugar levels.
|medical explanation of an illness or condition
|The doctor would prefer to share the diagnosis with the patient himself.
|This pain medication should relieve some of your discomfort.
|a medical disorder that is harmful to a person’s health
|I understand that this disease runs in your family.
|when a bone is temporarily separated from its joint
|You will have to wear a sling because of your dislocated shoulder.
|a medical problem that needs immediate attention
|It is important that children know which number to dial in case of an emergency.
|emergency room (ER)
|the hospital room used for treating patients with immediate and life-threatening injuries
|The child was rushed into the ER after he had a severe allergic reaction to a bee sting.
|on the outside
|This cream is for external use only. Do not get it near your ears, eyes, or mouth.
|a test that incorrectly comes back negative
|We had two false negative pregnancy tests, so we didn’t know we were having a baby.
|medical background of a person’s family members
|The doctor was concerned about my family history of skin cancer.
|The disease appeared to be fatal.
|higher than normal body temperature
|He is very feverish, and his temperature is near danger point.
|many types of respiratory or intestinal infections passed on through a virus
|People who have the flu should not visit hospital patients.
|broken or cracked bone
|Your wrist is fractured and needs a cast.
|a micro-organism, especially one that causes disease
|Flowers are not allowed in the ward to avoid the risk of germs being brought in.
|a medical condition or physical feature that is passed on in the family
|The disease is partly genetic and partly environmental.
|a ball of tissue that grows bigger than normal, either on or under the skin
|That growth on your shoulder is starting to worry me.
|condition in which blood stops pumping through the heart
|People who smoke are at greater risk of having a heart attack.
|the virus that infects the human T-cells and leads to AIDS
|HIV can be passed down from the mother to her fetus.
|bumps that appear on the surface of the skin during an allergic reaction
|I broke out in hives after I ate that mushroom soup.
|general term for any condition that makes a person feel sick for a certain period of time
|Her illness went away when she started eating better.
|the parts of the body that fight diseases, infections, and viruses
|You can’t have visitors because your immune system is low.
|an injection that protects against a specific disease
|Babies are immunized three times in their first year.
|cut in the body made during surgery
|I had to have stitches to close the incision.
|We had to do further X-rays because the first ones were inconclusive.
|The nurse will demonstrate how to bathe an infant.
|diseased area of the body (viral or bacterial)
|The wound should be covered when you swim to prevent it from becoming infected.
|redness and swelling of an injured body part
|My right ankle was so inflamed it was twice the size of my left one.
|damage to the body
|Her injuries were minor, just a few cuts and bruises.
|intensive care unit (ICU)
|section of the hospital where patients get constant attention and doctors rely on specialized equipment
|He will remain in the ICU until he can breathe on his own.
|under the skin, inside the organs
|The doctors will be monitoring him for any internal bleeding.
|feeling discomfort on the skin’s surface
|If you are allergic to this medication your skin will get red and itchy.
|a tube that pumps liquids and medication into a patient’s body
|The child was so dehydrated that the doctor decided to get him on an IV.
|tests that come back from a laboratory and help doctors make a diagnosis
|The lab results have come in and you are free to go home.
|place where samples of blood/urine etc. are taken for testing
|I’ll take these samples down to the lab on my way out.
|a machine that keeps patients alive by helping them breathe
|The woman has severe brain damage and is currently on life support.
|when injuries and conditions are extremely serious
|The victim was shot in two places but the bullet wounds are not life-threatening.
|feeling of dizziness caused by lack of oxygen in the brain
|If you are feeling light-headed again, lie down and call me.
|expected to grow and get much worse (especially related to cancerous cells)
|I’m afraid at least one of the tumours is malignant.
|medical school (med. school)
|place where someone trains to be a doctor
|After eight years of medical school I can finally practise medicine.
|an infant that is less than three months old
|You have to support her neck because she is still a newborn.
|not feeling anything in a certain body part
|The needle will make your lower body feel numb.
|operating room (OR)
|the place where major surgeries and operations take place
|You must wear a face mask and gloves while you are in the OR.
operate on verb
|a medical procedure that involves going inside a person’s body in an attempt to fix a problem
|The operation lasted seven hours, but it was successful.
|strong discomfort in certain areas of the body
|We gave your husband some medicine to relieve some of the pain.
|pain killer, pain reliever
|type of medicine that takes away some or all of the discomfort of an illness or injury
|You can take two pain killers every four hours.
|unable to move certain areas of the body
|We thought her legs were paralyzed for life.
|a person staying in a hospital or medical facility
|The patients in Room 6 are not getting along.
|a person who fills a doctor’s prescription and gives people advice about medication
|Ask the pharmacist if there is a generic brand of this medication.
|a place where people go to buy medication and other medical supplies
|You should be able to buy a bandage at the pharmacy.
|Ask your family physician to refer you to a specialist.
|a substance that is very dangerous if it enters the human body
|The child was bitten by a poisonous snake.
|of the time period leading up to giving birth
|The woman was well prepared for labour because she took the prenatal classes.
|the correct amount and type of medication needed to cure an illness or relieve symptoms
|You will need to visit your doctor to get another prescription.
|being alone; personal
|You will have to pay for a private hospital room if you don’t want a room-mate.
|high energy X-rays that destroy cancer cells
|If the radiation doesn’t kill all of the abnormal cells, the cancer will come back.
|part of a doctor’s training that takes place in the hospital;
a student working under a doctor
|Julia is a resident under Dr Thomson.
|a doctor’s appointment to check a person’s general health
|I’d like to see you a year from now for a routine check-up.
|plain uniform (usually green, white, or blue) worn by medical professionals
|I have some extra scrubs in my locker.
|carefully wash hands before and after seeing a patient
|I have to scrub up and get ready for surgery.
|notion from a second doctor about an illness or symptom
|I went to another doctor to get a second opinion about these headaches.
|sudden violent movements or unconsciousness caused by electrical signal malfunction in the brain
|People who suffer from epilepsy are prone to seizures.
|a medical emergency in which the organs and tissues of the body are not receiving an adequate flow of blood.
|The woman was in shock after being pulled from the river.
|other symptoms that might occur as a result of a certain medication or procedure
|One of the side effects of antidepressants is a loss of appetite.
|I have a sore throat and a runny nose.
|the uncontrollable tightening of a muscle
|Ever since I injured my leg I’ve been having muscle spasms in my upper thigh.
|a doctor that is an expert in a certain kind of medicine
|My family doctor is sending me to a specialist.
|an injury (less serious than a break) to a joint (ankle, wrist, knee etc.)
|I sprained my knee playing golf.
|a patient is stable if their medical condition is no longer changing rapidly
|You can see your husband now, he is in a stable condition.
|sharp, temporary pain
|It may sting when I insert the needle.
|worry that causes muscles to tighten and blood pressure to rise
|You need to take some time off work and relieve some of your stress.
|ligaments (parts that hold the joints together) growing bigger and rounder after an injury to a joint
|I knew my ankle was sprained because it was so swollen.
|pain or physical changes that occur because of an illness or disease
|You have all of the symptoms of a diabetic.
|amount of heat measured in a body
|We brought Jim to emergency because he was running a high temperature.
|painful when touched or used
|The incision was tender after the surgery.
|medical information that helps doctors understand a patient’s condition
|The test results came back negative. You aren’t pregnant.
|treatment aimed at improving a person’s mental or physical condition
|I was able to go back to work a few weeks after starting the therapy.
|moving of an organ from one human to another
|The heart transplant saved your life.
|a test that examines the body’s internal organs using sound waves
|The ultrasound shows that you are expecting a baby boy.
|the lifeline from the mother to the fetus
|I had an emergency C-section because the umbilical cord was wrapped around the baby’s neck.
|alive, but appearing to be asleep and unaware of the surroundings
|I hit my head on the steering wheel and was still unconscious when the ambulance arrived.
|a small amount of the body’s liquid waste that is tested for different medical reasons
|The urine sample tells us how much alcohol there is in your blood.
|the thin tubes that transport blood around the body and back to the heart
|I’m just looking for the best vein in which to insert the needle.
|a dangerous organism that causes the spread of minor and major diseases
|The virus is contractable through the exchange of bodily fluids.
|time of day when friends and family are allowed to visit patients in hospital
|I’m afraid you’ll have to come back during visiting hours.
|discharge of a person stomach contents through the mouth
|The pregnant woman can’t stop vomiting.
|a section of a hospital or health facility where patients stay
|I should warn you that we’re entering the mental health ward.
|a chair on wheels used for transporting patients from one place to another
|If you get in the wheelchair, I’ll take you down to see the garden.
|injury to body
|The wounded soldiers are being taken to hospital.
|a photograph of a person’s bones and organs
|The technician took X-rays of my shoulder to make sure it wasn’t broken.